Winter Solstice: The Science of the Shortest Day

Planet EarthSpaceStrange News

5 months ago


On the winter solstice, the sun is at its southernmost point in the sky in the Northern Hemisphere.

Credit: elod pali

Winter in the Northern Hemisphere officially emerge Wednesday (Dec. 21), which marks the December solstice — the day with the fewest hours of daylight of 2016.

Although the solstice gets an entire day of recognition, it happens in an instant: at 5:44 a.m. EST (1044 GMT), when the arctic is at its farthest tilt of 23.5 degrees after the sun. This position leaves the arctic beyond the sun’s reach, and plunges it into duskiness, contained in each Earth Sky.

At this moment, the sun will shine directly overhead at noon at exactly 23.5 degrees south of the equator, along the imaginary latitude line known as the Tropic of Capricorn, which runs through Australia, Chile, southern Brazil and northern South Africa. This is when when the sun look at its southernmost point in the sky; fundamentally, the Southern Hemisphere has its longest day of the year, and the Northern Hemisphere has its shortest day of the year, on the winter solstice, by Earth Sky. [6 Ancient Tributes to the Winter Solstice]

At 5:44 a.m. EST, the sun will also reach its southernmost point in the appear the Northern Hemisphere. hereafter moment, the sun will stop moving southward and will begin its trek northward in empyrean — hence the name “solstice,” which means “sun stands still” in Latin, through NASA.

After the winter solstice, the days will begin to get longer in the Northern Hemisphere. But that doesn’t mean temperatures will increase immediately. Rather, northern mid latitudes will experience the winter chill partly because they’ll only wander 9 hours of daylight in the weeks following the solstice, reach the roughly 15 hours of daily sunlight they get around the heat, Live Science reported in 2012. In addition, the Northern Hemisphere is tilted before the sun, making it colder.

In addition, even as the days get longer, the oceans, which moderate temperatures on land, need a vast concerning energy from the sun to heat up.

There are countless cultures that have recognized the winter solstice. The most famous is in Stonehenge in England. When the sun blanket the shortest day of the year, the sun’s rays align with Stonehenge’s central Altar stone and Slaughter stone, which may have had spiritual significance to the people who built it, Live Science reported in 2013.

Across the world in Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula, the ancient stonewalled Mayan city of Tulum also has a structure honoring the solstices. When the sun rises on the winter and summer solstices, its rays shine through a small hole outstanding of one of the stone buildings, which creates a starburst effect.

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